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Apr 10, 2012

GE2211 , GE2021 Environmental Science and Engineering - SUBJECT CATALOG

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SYLLABUS:


GE2211         ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING        L T  P C (Common to EEE, EIE, ICE, Biotech, Chemical, Fashion, Plastic, Polymer & Textile 3  0  0 3



AIM:

The aim of this course is to create awareness in every engineering graduate about the importance of environment, the effect of technology on the environment and ecological balance and make him/her sensitive to the environment problems in every professional endeavour that he/she participates.


OBJECTIVES:

At the end of this course the student is expected to understand what constitutes the environment, what are precious resources in the environment, how to conserve these resources, what is the role of a human being in maintaining a clean environment and useful environment for the future generations and how to maintain ecological balance and preserve bio-diversity.
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES  AND NATURAL
RESOURCES            9
Definition, Scope and Importance Need For Public Awareness Forest Resources:- Use and Over
- Exploitation, Deforestation, Case Studies, Timber Extraction, Mining, Dams antheir Ground Water, Floods, Drought, Conflicts Over Water, Dams - Benefits and Problems Mineral Resources:- Use Effects on Forests and Tribal People Water Resources:- Use and Over-Utilization of Surface and Exploitation, Environmental Effects of Extracting and Using Mineral Resources, Case Studies – Food Resources: World Food Problems, Changes caused by Agriculture and Overgrazing, Effects of Modern Agriculture, Fertilizer- Pesticide Problems, Water Logging, salinity, Case Studies Energy Resources:- Growing Energy Needs, Renewable and NoRenewable Energy Sources, Use of Alternate  Energy  Sources,  Case  Studies   Land  Resources:-  Land  as  a  Resource,  Land Degradation, Man Induced Landslides, Soil Erosion and Desertification Role of an Individual in Conservation of Natural Resources Equitable use of Resources for Sustainable Lifestyles. Field Study of Local Area to Document Environmental assets River/Forest/Grassland/Hill/ Mountain.

UNIT II            ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY         9
Concepts of an Ecosystem Structure and Function of an Ecosystem Producers, Consumers and Decomposers Energy Flow in the Ecosystem Ecological Succession Food Chains, Food Webs and Ecological Pyramids –  Introduction, Types, Characteristic Features, Structure and Function of the (A) Forest Ecosystem (B) Grassland Ecosystem (C) Desert Ecosystem (D) Aquatic Ecosystems (Ponds, Streams, Lakes,  Rivers,  Oceans, Estuaries)  –  IntroductiotBiodiversity  Definition: Genetic, Species and Ecosystem Diversity Biogeographical Classification of India Value of Biodiversity: Consumptive Use, Productive Use, Social, Ethical, Aesthetic and Option Values – Biodiversity at Global, National and Local Levels India as a Mega-Diversity Nation Hot-Spots of Biodiversity Threats to Biodiversity: Habitat Loss, Poaching of Wildlife, Man-Wildlife Conflicts endangered and Endemic Species of  India Conservatioof  Biodiversity:  In-SitanEx-Situ conservation of Biodiversity.
Field Study of Common Plants, Insects and Birds - Field Study of Simple Ecosystems Pond, River, Hill Slopes, etc.

UNITIII            ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION    9
Definition Causes, Effects and Control Measures of:- (A) Air Pollution (B) Water Pollution (C) Soil Pollution (D) Marine Pollution (E) Noise Pollution (F) Thermal Pollution (G) Nuclear Hazards – Soil Waste Management:- Causes, Effects and Control Measures of Urban and Industrial Wastes Role of an Individual in Prevention of Pollution Pollution Case Studies disaster Management:- Floods, Earthquake, Cyclone and Landslides.
Field Study of Local Polluted Site Urban/Rural/Industrial/Agricultural

UNIT IV           SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT        9
From Unsustainable To Sustainable Development Urban Problems Related To energy Water conservation, Rain Water Harvesting, Watershed Management Resettlement and Rehabilitation of People, Its Problems and Concerns, Case Studies Environmental Ethics:- Issues and Possible Solutions Climate Change, Global Warming, Acid Rain, Ozone Layer Depletion, Nuclear Accidents and Holocaust, Case Studies Wasteland Reclamation Consumerism and Waste Products Environment Production Act Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act Wildlife Protection Act Forest Conservation Act Issues Involved in enforcement of Environmental Legislation Public Awareness.

UNIT V            HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT         9
Population Growth, Variation Among Nations Population Explosion Family Welfare Programme environment and Human Health Human Rights Value Education HIV /AIDS Women and Child Welfare Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health Case Studies.

L = 45 TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

TEXT BOOKS
1.  Masters, G.M., Introduction to Environmental Engineering and         Science, Pearson Education
Pvt.Ltd., 2nd Edition, 2004.
2 Miller, T.G. Jr., Environmental Science, Wadsworth Pub. Co.
3 Townsend C., Harper, J. and Begon, M., Essentials of Ecology, Blackwell Science,
2003.
4 Trivedi, R.K., and Goel, P.K., Introduction to Air Pollution, Techno- Science
Publications.



REFERENCES
1 Erach, B., The Biodiversity of India, Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad, India.
2.  Trivedi, R.K., Handbook of Environmental Law’s, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and
Standards, Vol - I and II, Envio Media.
3.  Cunningham., Cooper, W.P. and Gorhani, T.H., Environmental Encyclopedia, Jaico
Publishing House, Mumbai, 2001.
4.  Wages, K.D., Environmental Management, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA, 1998.

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